How to Overcome Objections During a Drug Or Alcohol Intervention

If you think about the objections I have encountered while facilitating alcohol interventions for other families, you can see that some of them are truly legitimate reasons that would prevent someone from entering into a treatment program. On the other hand, if your loved one does not go to treatment or seek help, he may end up in a psychiatric institution due to a drug or alcohol induced psychosis, losing his freedom because he is in prison, or he will end up dead . So, let us weigh the options, and to put this simply, if he is dead, in prison or in a psychiatric institution, not one of these objections will dominate or matter compared to the potential outcome.

But since the objections are perceived as a problem to the addict, we must respect them but offer him legitimate means to overcome the objections so they will no longer prevent the addict from seeking help.

Intelligently overcome an objection by, 1) listening to what the objection is 2) offer him a solution to the objection, or evidence based on the specific objection 3) share with the addict your fears or concern if they do not seek help, 5) share how you will no longer support or enable the behavior and then, 4) ask them to go to treatment.

Let's take a look at some common objections and how to deal with them by first listening to the addict, second, offer a solution to the objection or evidence (details, facts and specifics) for overcoming the difference in perception, share with the addict your emotions, fears or concerns if they continue to live this way. Finally you will explain to them what you will or will not do if they do not accept help just before you ask them to go to treatment today.

You will do an assignment that requires each family member to come up with five examples of the addict's erratic and bizarre behavior and consequence. If he claims he does not have a problem or that his addiction is not as bad as the team is playing it out to be, you just calmly listen then explain to him one of the additional examples that were not mentioned in the letter. You will explain in the exact same format as if you were reading a letter. You explain details, including date or time frame of the incident, the erratic and bizarre behavior (evidence / solution). How the consequence has affected you and the addict along with your fears and concerns (emotions / fears). What you will or will not do anymore (self pledge / leveraging). Finally you again ask him to go to treatment.

"I do not have a problem"

"I understand that you feel you do not have a problem. We feel you have a problem because last week driving home from the bar you got another DUI (evidence / solution). I am so scared that one day I will receive a call that you were in an accident and you were killed (emotion, fear). I will not live in fear anymore if you choose not to go to treatment today I will be forced to leave you (self pledge / leveraging). will you please go to treatment today? "

"I understand that you feel you do not have a problem with drugs and alcohol. We have learned that a drug and alcohol addictions are symptoms of deeper emotional, spiritual and chemical issues. Two weeks ago (time) when you came home (location) high on drugs, you and I sat in the living room as you cried to me telling me that you are miserable and wished your life would change (evidence / solution). I am afraid that you may do something that you will regret (emotion / fear). If you do not seek help, I will no longer your shoulder to cry on, because my giving you a shoulder to cry upon is not allowing you to deal with the root problem (self pledge / leveraging). The treatment center we picked out for you will be able to deal with those issues that are causing you so much pain and will allow you to live pain free. will you please go to treatment today?

If you would think back to when we were discussing what causes addiction, you will remember that emotional pain, spiritual scaring and a chemical imbalance are the three key culprit ingredients that influence addiction. Therefore, if your loved one says he does not have a problem with drugs or alcohol, you may agree with him. It is very important that you explain to him that the drugs and alcohol are not his problem, but his solution or band-aid to the real problem, those three key ingredients that create addiction. By going to treatment he will deal with those issues so he can live a meaningful life without having to self-medicate. Then you ask him to go to treatment today.

"I will lose my job"

If this is an objection you feel will be a concern to the addict during an alcohol intervention, you would have contacted the Human Resources Department anonymously, asking them the procedures to take if they have an employee with an addiction problem. Most companies have a policy or a Family Medical Leave Act that allows employees to seek help if they have a drug or alcohol problem. There are laws protecting individual employment for those requiring mental health counseling or substance abuse treatment.

Another way to overcome this objection is to let him know his life is more important than work. Jobs will be available for him when he gets better. If he does not seek help, he could end up losing his job or something worse. Weigh the options and outcomes. Once you have overcome the objection, you ask him if he will go.

"I understand that you are concerned about your job, and you do not want to lose it. The night that you fell down the stairs breaking your arm because you were so drunk was it for me. We anonymously contacted your HR department and asked them if an employee needs substance abuse treatment how to approach that situation. They told us everything would be okay, and you will not lose your job as long as you seek the help you need (evidence / solution). We love you and are very concerned about you. I am very concerned about your safety. I feel that if something is not done now to help your addiction, you will lose your job or your life (emotions / fears). If you do not accept help we will no longer cover for you at wok or financially support you (self pledge / leveraging). Will you please go to treatment today? "

"I have to pay my bills"

If this objection comes up, the family would have prepared to pay his bills for him by either expecting him to pay that individual back or given as a generous gift if he accepts help. Another possibility is to have pre-dated checks. Once this objection has been overcome, you ask if he will go to treatment.

"We know that you have bills to pay, and we as your family all decided, if you seek the help you deserve, we will pay your bills for you (evidence / solution). We love and care for you so much we are willing to do whatever it takes to ensure your safety so something bad does not happen (emotions / fears). Also, if you agree to go, we will not expect you to pay us back. Otherwise if you do not go we will not bail you out or support you financially in any way (self pledge / leveraging). We love you! Will you go to treatment today?

"I can not leave my family for that long"

If this objection comes up, think about what is going to happen to him if he does not seek help. There are only three outcomes of addiction. If he does not receive help, he will be leaving the family for much longer. His addiction will kill him; land him in prison or in a psychiatric institution. Any of these outcomes will result in him being away from the family indefinitely.

Another logical way of overcoming this objection is if you're self-pledge or leverage is isolating the addict to his addiction, he will not be able to see the family anyway. If this objection comes up, you will need to explain to him that the results of his addiction are going to take him away from the family. Once you have overcome the objection, ask if he will go to treatment.

"We understand that 30 days may seem like a long time to be away from our family. The facility we picked for you has a family day and visitations every week which we will attend (evidence / solution). If you continue to use, you may not be around anymore to see any of us and that terrifies me (emotions / fears). If you do not accept this help, we will be forced to stop inviting you to family parties, and we will not allow you to enter our homes anymore (self pledge / leveraging) because of the pain that was caused last Christmas when you got so drunk that you fell into the Christmas tree (evidence / fears). We want you, the real you, back! Will you go to treatment today ? "

"I will quit on my own"

This example may require thinking outside of the box. Has your loved one ever mentioned to any family member that he will quit or stop using drugs or alcohol, yet he is still using. If he has explained to anyone on the intervention team that he will quit, you remind him of that time; and then you proceed to explain to him that he has attempted before on one or multiple occasions and has failed every time. Once you have explained to him that he has failed every attempt to quit on his own, you will explain to him that you are not going to take the chance of something tragic happening to him if he fails to quit this time. You then ask him to go to treatment.

"We understand that admitting yourself into a program is a difficult decision to make. Do you remember when you got arrested by the police a couple of months ago for possession of drugs, and when I bailed you out of jail you told me that you would never use drugs or alcohol again? you promised me you would never use, but you are still using. Addiction is not something that you can overcome on your own. you have proven to yourself and all of us you can not stop on your own (evidence / solution). I am terrified that the next phone call I receive from the police will be that I need to come down and identify your body (emotions / fears). We are not willing to take another chance with your life. We will not accept this anymore! If you do not accept help we will not allow you to contact us for help or support (self pledge / leveraging). will you please go to treatment today? "

"I will do counseling"

This objection can cause a road block for some families. If your loved one is willing to go to a counselor, is this decision going to produce the same results as going to treatment? Absolutely not! Think back to the stages of addiction, and ask yourself if seeing a counselor will be sufficient for treating emotional pain, spiritual scaring and chemical imbalances? If you answered no, then you are learning and getting closer to facilitating your own intervention. Addiction is a very powerful obsession that curses the individual every waking hour of every day. If he is lucky he may see a therapist once a week. Typically he will see his therapist twice a month. If he is unable to quit on his own, how can he be expected to quit by seeing a therapist a couple of times a month. This option is postponing the inevitable, which for him is to seek a higher level of care. The obsession, ritual and habit of using his drug of choice overpowers the very little amount of healing that can be gained in a one- hour therapy session a couple of times a month.

In some cases your loved one may agree to see a therapist every day of the week. This is better, but most therapists are not specialized in addiction. Even if he agrees to see an addiction therapist every day, the therapist will not be qualified to provide medication for chemical imbalances. You will need to hire a Psychiatrist to deal with the chemical imbalances. Another problem will be all of the time the addict will have between each session. He will still be dealing with a very powerful obsession to use. More then likely he will ultimately fail, and you will have spent thousands of dollars to find this out.

If he is willing to go to a counselor, this should be seen as a good sign. This should be seen as his willingness to get better, but merely getting therapy is not intense enough for him to get better. If this objection comes up, you will need to express to him he is too far into his addiction for one-on-one counseling to be effective.

"We are so happy to hear that you are willing and ready to seek help for your addiction. Unfortunately, going to a therapist will not be adequate for dealing with addiction. You will have too much time on your hands. The therapist is not equipped to deal with addiction, and our money could be spent in a more effective way. Do not sell yourself short! If you want to receive the best treatment that offers the highest level of success, going to the treatment program we picked out for you is the best option (evidence / solution). We love and care for you too much to rely on help that is not as effect and take the chance of something bad happing to you (emotion / fears). If you chose not to seek help today I will no longer wait for you to get better. I will move on with my life with, or without you (self pledge / leveraging). will you go to treatment? "

"I will go to an out- patient program but not in-patient"

Out-patient treatment is better than nothing. For the purpose of the intervention we are focusing on the addict entering into a residential program. Statistics show that those who only do an OP program have 2% -7% chance of staying sober for six months. Those who do a residential or in-patient program have a 7% -12% chance of staying sober. Those who do residential or in-patient with an out-patient program that totals a sixty day program, 25% stay sober. Those who do a total of ninety days of treatment with a minimum of thirty days in-patient, and the other sixty day with in-patient, residential, out-patient or sober living, an astonishing 65% stay sober. Do the comparisons yourself. Is an out-patient program best for him in the beginning, or would out-patient be better after he does an in-patient or residential program?

If this objection comes up, it is recommended that you highly encourage and only accept in-patient or residential program for him. If you have tried everything in your power to convince him to go to an in-patient or a residential program and he still refuses, you have two options. 1) You can either put in place the self-pledge and leveraging, or 2) you can accept the out-patient scenario under two conditions. First, the addict must commit, if he fails once while in an out-patient program, he is pulled out of the program, and out-patient is no longer an option for him. Secondly, he will immediately agree to admit himself into an in-patient or residential program if he has failed in the out-patient program.

"We have done our research and have found that for you to maximize your success in staying sober and dealing with your addiction, an in-patient or residential program is by far the best avenue to pursue. Statistics show your chance for success in an out -patient program is below 5% (evidence / solution). We are not willing to take the chance of your failing with terrible results and something tragic happening. We could not live our lives knowing we should have sought a higher level of care for you (emotions / fears). We have a plane ticket ready for you, and your bags are packed. If you choose not to go you will need to take your packed bags and leave our home immediately and you are not welcome back until you agree to go (self pledge / leveraging) Will you go to treatment? "

"We can see you will not agree to admit yourself into an in-patient or residential program. We have two options: either you pack your belongings and leave our home, or if you fail once while in the out-patient program, you agree to immediately check yourself into the treatment program that we chose for you. Which will it be?

You need to make sure that the team does not just give up and agree to an out-patient program the first time this objection comes up. The team will need to work on the addict, trying to get him to agree to go to the program the team picked out. If you are stonewalled, and the only two options are 1) for him to reap the consequences of denying help (self-pledge and leveraging) 2) or going to an out-patient program, it is best for the team to accept the out -patient program.

"I have pets to take care of "

The During drug intervention preparation of objections, the if this Objection comes up, there will be a family member That will take care of his pets. If this comes up, you let the addict know so-in-so will feed, water and walk the pets while he is gone. You then ask him to go. Also, ask the treatment centers if they allow pet visitation. Some do!

"Jonny has agreed to take care of your pets while you are gone. He will go to your home every day to check on your pets, feed and water them and walk them for exercise. You life is the most important thing, and if it requires us to help with your pets in order for you to save your life, we will do that for you (evidence / solution). We feel that if you live this way much longer you are going to end up in jail or dead (emotions / fears). The program we have chosen for you is a great program and we know that you will like it there. If you decide not to go you will need to surrender you vehicle and cell phone because we are not going to pay for you to contact your drug dealers or drive while high (self pledge / leveraging). Will you go to treatment? "

"If I go to treatment it will affect me the rest of my life and be on my record"

Federal laws protect patient confidentiality rights, and it is against the law for any facility, doctor, health care practitioner or therapist to reveal any information regarding a patient's personal situation, treatment attendance or personal information. There are also treatments facilities that are in-home based and will come to the home of the addict and treatment will be performed in a private setting. If this objection comes up, you let him know he is protected by federal law, and his information will be held in complete confidence. Then you ask him if he will go.

"We understand that this is a big decision to make, and you're afraid people will find out about your seeking help, and it could affect the rest of your life. We have made several phone calls and have talked with a number of different professionals about your privacy. We found out that federal law protects you and your privacy is held with the utmost confidential practice. your information, records and files will not be exposed to anyone (evidence / solution). All we ask of you is to take the time to heal yourself so that we can have the real you back. We love you and want you to be happy (emotions / fears). your bags are packed for you to either leave are home until you are ready to change your life ( self pledge / leveraging) or to head to treatment. It is your choice. Will you go to treatment? "

"No! I will not go"

If this objection comes up during an alcohol intervention, you need to dig deeper to discovery why he will not go. The best way to overcome the objection of his saying "no," is simply to ask him why. When you do, one of two things will happen; he will either get angry and more and more defiant about seeking help, or he will give you an objection. Since you know how to overcome the objections and have prepared for possible objections, you will then overcome the objection when you have pulled it out of him. If he continues to deny the help and you are seeing that you are not getting anywhere with him, you then move forward with your self-pledge and leveraging.

As I mentioned before, objections are a good thing. If the addict just refuses and says no, you ask him why. By asking him why you are pulling out and probing for objections, such that, you may overcome them to make it easier for him to accept help. When the addict tells us that he will not go to treatment for reason A, B, or C, we are able to overcome those objections, making it easier for him to accept help.

Advantages of Staying Away From Substance Abuse During Teen Years

Teen years are very risky in every individual's life. People during this period are more vulnerable to attractions including unhealthy habits. Wrong steps at this point not only show negative impact on rest of the life but also may cost one's life at times. Hence, it is very important to educate teens about the advantages of staying away from unhealthy habits such as substance abuse.

Below is the information on how crucial teenage is, why it is important to stay away from drugs and what are the benefits of staying away from drugs.

Teenage – a critical stage of life
Teenage is a transition period between childhood and early adulthood, where many changes takes place both physically and mentally in an individual. Teens generally consider their peer group to be more important and influential than their parents and guardians. Teens are prone to various risk factors which make them get addicted to drugs. Some of the risk factors include drug abusing peers, easy availability of illicit substances, thrill seeking behavior, etc. Teens need to understand that these risk factors influence them get into unhealthy habits that destroy their lives.

Importance of staying away from drugs
Drug abuse causes serious to severe problems both physically and mentally. Numerous studies and statistics are available regarding the harmful effects of substance abuse. Abstaining from these unhealthy habits not only increases the quality of life but also decreases the chances of medical complications and diseases. Apart from these, a person free from any kind of unhealthy habits will always gain respect from his family and the society.

Benefits of staying away from drugs
Rest of this article brings you benefits of staying away from substance abuse.

Healthy lifestyle: Avoidance of illicit drugs is one of the key factors for staying healthy. Drugs affect the central nervous system very strongly. Substance abuse may also lead to serious health complications, make the person weak and at times completely ruin the physical appearance of the person. Hence, staying away from drugs obviously improves health, and ensures overall well-being, thus facilitating a healthy lifestyle.

Good academics: Substance abuse results in poor academic performance. Drugs slow down the functioning of the brain, which results in poor concentration and less activeness. Drug abusing students struggle to perform academically and attend classes regularly. Whereas, a teen free from drugs and other unhealthy habits not only performs well in his academics but also succeeds in the later stages of life.

Low risk of crimes and accidents: Quitting unhealthy habits, especially alcohol and drug abuse, greatly lowers the risk of involvement in crime and accidents. Under the influence of drugs, a person loses his control on mind and is not aware of what is good and bad. If we observe the statistics of road accidents, majority of them have occurred due to drunken and / or drug abused drivers.

In some cases, if the addicts do not have enough funds, they tend to do thefts, robberies and shop lifting activities to finance their drug abusing habits. This makes them land in several legal problems. Hence, to lead a hassle free life, one has to avoid drugs.

Bright future: Healthy life style, good academics, crime free profile – are not these enough to have a problem free life? Definitely, yes. Today, many schools, colleges and companies are conducting drug testing. It is very difficult for a person to pursue good education or get a worthy job if he fails to pass these drug tests. Hence, a drug free individual can have a positive outlook on future.

These are the key advantages of staying away from substance abuse during teen years. Teenage is exciting, but at the same time risky. The person who successfully spends his teenage by correcting his emotional imbalances will lead a happy life.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative Medicine

There are reasons why people chose alternative medicine and reasons why they avoid it, preferring conventional medicine. Alternative medicine is safer than standard health treatments and usually works. It's true that it can not be used in severe conditions like car accidents or other severe emergencies, but be that as it may, there are enough situations in which alternative medicine is recommended. When it comes to emotional and spiritual needs, non-conventional medicine may come up with the solution. Furthermore, it's better for preventing illnesses than standard medicine. More and more physicians nowadays agree upon the benefits of alternative medicine and also even advise their clients to choose the best natural treatment for them.

One of the advantages of alternative medicine is that it encompasses a broad range of therapies, treatments and products, thus the search for obtaining positive results does not flow on a narrow path at all.
A pretty important disadvantage states the idea that, even though the expenses of using acupuncture or chiropractic are sometimes covered by health insurances, the majority of alternative treatments are not reimbursed.

There are certain risks that come along with the usage of natural remedies. Despite the use of herbs throughout the years and even ancient times, not all of them have been studied regarding their safety and efficiency. There are issues concerning their purity and their possible interaction with other substances related to conventional therapies. The majority of information regarding herbs have been perpetuated throughout history and with the help of tradition. Many people assume that herbal medicines are better than synthetic drugs simply because, well, they are natural and not synthetic, therefore present no risk. But they are not risk free; they can do more harm than good if taken without having the details of their effects over the body.

People might abuse of natural medicines the same way as they do it in the case of synthetic drugs. They have the misconception that if unconventional medicine consists of herbal products which are natural, then there is no harm done if they triple the dosage or more. This is totally wrong and can have serious consequences. Take vitamins for example. They are just vitamins, right? They can not possibly do any damage inside the body. But they do. Vitamin overdosing or vitamin toxicity can lead to unpleasant effects depending on the vitamin that has been taken one too many times. Vitamin A over dosage can cause liver problems, osteoporosis, hair loss and other dangerous effects and Hypervitaminosis D leads to dehydration, vomiting, anorexia and even kidney stones.

An advantage of using herbal remedies concerns the effectiveness related with chronic health issues that do not respond well or even at all to traditional medicines. If long term medication is needed, then herbs are pretty much safer than conventional drugs. The alternative medicine industry takes advantage from this and keeps evolving and developing due to the constant need for natural remedies.

Another advantage is the low cost of herbal products compared to synthetic drugs which are highly priced for the simple reason that researching and testing the products is expensive. Furthermore, herbal products can be bought without a prescription and are easy to procure. The availability of natural remedies is outstanding; chamomile for example can be easily picked out from a nearby field.

The advantages of using herbal medicines are numerous, but so are the disadvantages. The best idea would be to consider modern medicine according to the severity of the illness, to consult a physician upon the proper medication and dosage and if you do chose the alternative medicine, try to gather enough information upon both kinds of treatments, natural or synthetic , so you may reassure yourself that you took the right decision to balance your health situation.

7 Valuable Tips to Help With Opiate Addiction Withdrawals and Symptoms From Home

Breaking free from a drug addiction can be extremely hard. It can be both scary and intimidating for those wanting to beat their opiate addictions. Heroin addicts can face some of the most excruciating withdrawal symptoms. For some, in-patient rehabilitation is not an option or may not be affordable and can cost thousands of dollars to go through. Although rehab clinics are the best way for someone to overcome a drug addiction, an at-home solution is both discrete and from the comfort of you own home.

Although illicit opiate addictions such as heroin addictions and opium addictions are often the stronger of the withdrawal symptoms, even pharmaceutical opiate addictions can be almost as hard to kick.

Below are some tips for those wanting to beat their opiate addiction from home to enjoy a drug-free clean lifestyle.

1. Get a book or program to help you understand your addiction and aid in your ability to fight the withdrawal symptoms. At the bottom of this article is a website that offers such programs designed to help you from the comfort of your own home. In addiction they cost much less than going in to a rehab clinic and can save you a lot of money. Even a hundred dollar program which is guaranteed to work cost much much less than a in-patient clinic. This is highly advised.

2. All too often people rely on their drug addiction to keep them going. This is one of the biggest mistakes one could make. If you are currently using drugs it is important to do the necessary steps to keep yourself healthy. Eating right, taking vitamin supplements, getting lots of sleep, staying hydrated and making healthy decisions are crucial when you decide to quit or if you are in a position where you can not maintain your drug habit. Do not push yourself simply because a drug makes you feel that you can. Instead make every effort to keep yourself healthy, you'll be thankful when the opiate withdrawal symptoms come around.

3. Take it seriously. Do not plan on your withdrawal symptoms to be easy. Make sure you are fully prepared both mentally, physically and socially to handle such a process. Opiate withdrawal symptoms do not last very long but you may be in a position where you have to miss work, family occasions and other possible commitments you may have. Again, getting a book or program beforehand is a smart way to play it safe, and you will find such resources at the bottom of this article.

4. Mind over matter. You may get some anxiety when the withdrawal symptoms start to occur. Try to think positive and think of it as your body trying to heal itself and that it is long-overdue. The symptoms will not last forever and the first two days are always the hardest. Do your best to ignore limiting attitudes and keep in mind that every day, every second, and every minute you are getting better and better and closer to feeling better.

5. Rest as much as you can. Most opiate addicts do not realize that they do not get nearly as much sleep because they are not used to feeling bad from a lack of sleep. In other words sleep equals healing. The more you rest and drink plenty of fluids the more your body gets a chance to heal itself thoroughly.

6. Treat yourself as if you have the flu. Whether you are an opium addict, heroin addict, or addicted to methadone, when the withdrawal symptoms hit, it always resembles the flu. So what is the best thing to do? Treat your withdrawal symptoms as the flu. By this I mean, take vitamin supplements, vitamin c, drink plenty of juices, electrolyte sports drinks, lots of water, chicken noodles soups and other "brothy" soups, rest plenty, stay warm, if possible, take a warm bath and soak for a long period of time (this will calm your nerves) and sometimes a little bit of acetaminophen will help the body aches and pains.

7. Create a plan – Having a well-thought out plan will minimize the risk of severely uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms from a severe opiate addiction. For example if you are addicted to opium, the reading about it online or knowing what to expect can prep your mind for the rather uncomfortable experience you are about to encounter.

No matter where you live whether its in Portland Oregon, Los Angeles California, Austin Texas or New York New York, there are countless people going through what you may be going through, and thousands have been able to overcome such addictions. If possible, seek professional advice from a doctor, counselor, friends and family you trust. There are many programs all throughout the world that offer free or inexpensive solutions to drug addiction rehabilitation. Know your options and keep your convictions strong, have a positive attitude and you can succeed at any trial you may be faced with.

Drug Abuse Steals Your Soul Without You Knowing

Drug abuse and social use is becoming an ever increasing problem amongst every age group of our modern society, the sad part is that it is stealing lives, destroying families and breaking down the moral fabric of society in a way which is very often ignored or simply not seen.

If a member of your community is shot dead in his home, it normally makes the next days news, but the hundred of people dying due to overdoses is something which is normally being swept under the carpet and being ignored, it is like a family member who is in prison, everybody knows they are there, but nobody really wants to talk about it.

The real truth behind it all is that drugs are responsible for more deaths and other crimes every year than any other cause, whether it be:

· Death by overdose (Street drugs and prescription drugs)

· Suicide related to drugs

· Gang violence and murders as a result of drugs and territory

· House breaking

· Hi-jacking

· Rape

· Assault

· Kidnapping

· Murder

The list can go on and on, but the sad fact is that many of these crimes and deaths are very often as a result of drug abuse, use and distribution, so many crimes and deaths can be termed drug related, but this hardly ever even gets five minutes of airtime on the evening news.

Drug abuse is busy stealing the soul of our society and we are all either so far into denial or trying to distance ourselves as much as possible from the problem that it is simply growing on a daily basis and we are all simply sitting back and allowing it to happen, until it steals your child or your loved one and then we are looking for the world to blame.

It is time that we all started to take a proactive stand behind combating drug abuse and distribution, it is now consuming every economic class, race and religion in the world and we are simply allowing it to continue doing so by simply saying that it is not our problem, well tell the mother who lost a son or daughter to drug abuse or addiction that and you will realize soon enough that it is rapidly becoming everybody’s problem.

Drug abuse is infecting our schools, our streets, our churches, our companies, our homes and every aspect of our modern society which you could imagine, but yet it seems no one gives a damn until it is on their own front lawn and their loved ones are suffering its effects.

The more we are able to once again take back control and able to make life difficult for the dealers, to once again make drug abuse unacceptable and to enforce the law about what drugs are acceptable, the sooner we will be able to restore some point of normality to our society.

Drug Abuse Steals Your Soul Without You Knowing

Drug abuse and social use is becoming an ever increasing problem amongst every age group of our modern society, the sad part is that it is stealing lives, destroying families and breaking down the moral fabric of society in a way which is very often ignored or simply not seen.

If a member of your community is shot dead in his home, it normally makes the next days news, but the hundred of people dying due to overdoses is something which is normally being swept under the carpet and being ignored, it is like a family member who is in prison, everybody knows they are there, but nobody really wants to talk about it.

The real truth behind it all is that drugs are responsible for more deaths and other crimes every year than any other cause, whether it be:

· Death by overdose (Street drugs and prescription drugs)

· Suicide related to drugs

· Gang violence and murders as a result of drugs and territory

· House breaking

· Hi-jacking

· Rape

· Assault

· Kidnapping

· Murder

The list can go on and on, but the sad fact is that many of these crimes and deaths are very often as a result of drug abuse, use and distribution, so many crimes and deaths can be termed drug related, but this hardly ever even gets five minutes of airtime on the evening news.

Drug abuse is busy stealing the soul of our society and we are all either so far into denial or trying to distance ourselves as much as possible from the problem that it is simply growing on a daily basis and we are all simply sitting back and allowing it to happen, until it steals your child or your loved one and then we are looking for the world to blame.

It is time that we all started to take a proactive stand behind combating drug abuse and distribution, it is now consuming every economic class, race and religion in the world and we are simply allowing it to continue doing so by simply saying that it is not our problem, well tell the mother who lost a son or daughter to drug abuse or addiction that and you will realize soon enough that it is rapidly becoming everybody’s problem.

Drug abuse is infecting our schools, our streets, our churches, our companies, our homes and every aspect of our modern society which you could imagine, but yet it seems no one gives a damn until it is on their own front lawn and their loved ones are suffering its effects.

The more we are able to once again take back control and able to make life difficult for the dealers, to once again make drug abuse unacceptable and to enforce the law about what drugs are acceptable, the sooner we will be able to restore some point of normality to our society.

Film Essay – Veronika Voss

Veronika Voss, directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder, is a morose, yet highly effective tale of addiction and exploitation. Fassbinder is considered by many to be the most famous member of the cinematic movement known as the “New German Cinema”. This revolution in filmmaking sprang forth in the 1960s as a reaction to the fluffy escapist cinema that West Germany had descended to in the wake of the Third Reich, and as a means of taking a stand against the political climate of the time, and against those in power. Veronika Voss was released in 1982, towards the end of Fassbinder’s tragically short life, when he himself was struggling with an addiction that soon killed him. Filled with striking black and white photography, the film harkens back to Hollywood movies of the 1950s, and is the last of a trilogy of films by Fassbinder regarding the supposed “Economic Miracle” that was West Germany after the war. Though the film is more accessible than some of his earlier works, Veronika Voss still contains many of the themes prevalent throughout Fassbinder’s career, and indeed, throughout the New German Cinema in general. These themes include a distrust of authority, the exploitation of the less fortunate, and the abuse of power.

The film’s title character, Veronika, played by Rosel Zech, is a washed up movie star from the Third Reich, who is now unable to find work, and has become a morphine addict. Rumors abound that she had an affair with Goebbels during the war, and like many of Fassbinder’s characters from previous films who cavorted with the Nazis, she is being punished in the karmic sense. Isolated by her fame, she desperately seeks “shelter and protection” from the world. She feels hunted and helpless, having completely lost her anonymity. In one scene, she is essentially stalked by a pair of women in a jewelry store, who advance on her relentlessly, seeking an autograph, as she attempts to retreat. The “protection” she seeks is found in two people: Robert, played by Hilmar Thate, a sports journalist who offers her an umbrella upon seeing her standing in the rain, and Dr. Katz, played by Annemarie Düringer, her neurologist, who prescribes the very morphine that Veronika is addicted to.

The Doctor is the root of the corruption in the story, as she not only provides the narcotics to Veronika, she exploits the situation by feeding the former star’s addiction and using that dependence to coerce and blackmail her. So powerful is Dr. Katz’s grip that she forces “her best girlfriend” Veronika to sign over her money and property. The corruption runs even deeper however, and as Robert later discovers, the Doctor has been doing far worse to some her other patients. Once the victims run out of money, they “accidentally” overdose on sleeping pills, and “graciously” leave all of their possessions to the Doctor. Katz and her cohorts in turn, live extravagantly at the expense of the addicts that they’ve created. Her office is particularly garish for a medical facility with expensive decoration and furniture. Through this corruption, Fassbinder strongly asserts that authority figures must be questioned and kept in check, or those in power will exploit the weak and vulnerable.

Robert is taken with Veronika immediately upon meeting her, and believes that he can help her to overcome her problems. He uncovers the plot, but finds that not only is he unable to help her, but he ends up making things worse, and hurting those around him. He is outsmarted at every turn, mainly because the corruption is far deeper than he first believes. Upon discovering Dr. Katz’s scheme, he goes to a narcotics administrator for help. Unfortunately this administrator is in on the scam as well, and the schemers are able to foil Robert completely, and even go so far as to kill his girlfriend, Henriette, to hide the truth. The police, another authority figure, are completely unhelpful, and do not believe anything Robert tells them. So thorough is Robert’s defeat that he loses both women in his life: his girlfriend, and Veronika, who falls victim to one of Dr. Katz’s “accidental” overdoses. Though this seems to imply that Fassbinder feels that fighting against corrupt authority is futile, the opposite is true. Fassbinder is asserting that the public must not be naïve, and must understand the level to which corruption can reach, and the measure to which they must be vigilant in protecting their freedoms. Unfortunately this message is lost in the unhappy and morbid tone of the film.

The 1970s was a tumultuous time for West Germany. With widespread fears of terrorism and communism, the government took extraordinary powers, which many, including members of the New German Cinema movement, considered to be too extreme. Many believed that the government was corrupt, and could not be trusted. This climate of fear and distrust of authority is reflected clearly in Veronika Voss.

Fassbinder also takes issue with the American presence in West Germany in Veronika Voss. The sole American character, a soldier, is a drug trafficker in league with Dr. Katz. In addition, American music always plays in Dr. Katz’s office, but nowhere else in the film, providing clues early on that something is not right. The implication is that the American involvement in West Germany is a large part of the corruption of power that abounds, and further, that the Americans are exploiting the Germans for their own ends, and profits. As the post-war years progressed, many in West Germany began to view the United States as an Imperialist power, pulling the strings, and Fassbinder dramatically presents that sentiment in this film.

Veronika Voss truly is a film of light and shadows. This is apparent even from the opening credits, as the black words float across a white surface, casting shadows as they pass. Fassbinder’s use of black and white photography is skillful and beautiful, and each scene is exquisitely and deliberately lit. The film is stylish, and the contrast between black and white is used to its full effect, creating a look similar to that of a classic film-noir. An excellent example of this is the flashbacks, as Veronica reminisces of better times in her life. They are dramatically over-lit, surrounding the characters with auras of light, and giving each scene an almost heavenly feel. Veronika’s memory of her time on the film set at the beginning of the film is the best example of this. The difference is striking when these flashbacks are contrasted with the present day, as Fassbinder does in her house. In the past it is warm, and bright, with distinct lights and darks, while in the present the room completely dark, with covered furniture. Dr. Katz’s office is another example of how Fassbinder uses light and darkness to tell his story. The office is completely white and incredibly bright, yet unlike the flashback scenes, there are no shadows whatsoever. Even the furniture and appliances are white. This creates a cold feeling, as if someone is trying to conceal the evil within, under a veneer of sterility.

The weak point in this film lies with the characterizations. While the acting is strong overall, none of the characters are likeable. Veronika is weak and helpless, completely dependent, and always looking for someone to protect her. This combined with her self-pity does little to endear her to the audience. Robert is cold and emotionless, only mustering a minor outburst at the frustration of no one believing him. He cheats on his girlfriend without a second thought, and does not hesitate to put her in harms way. In many ways he is as exploitative of her as the other authority figures he is fighting against. In turn, his girlfriend is submissive, allowing Robert to cheat without consequence, and basically doing whatever he wants her to. Veronika and Robert’s relationship is also sorely underdeveloped. There does not appear to be a great deal of chemistry between the two, and, indeed, they have little time onscreen together. It is difficult to imagine what Robert sees that convinces him to put his own life, and the lives of others in danger.

Despite these weaknesses, it is easy to recommend this film to anyone interested in Fassbinder or New German Cinema. The film is beautifully shot, with masterful use of lighting in black and white. The themes presented are strong and present a compelling portrait of the concerns of many West Germans at the time it was made, particularly those filmmakers of the New German Cinema. Overall the film is tightly plotted, with a solid mystery, a compelling story, and strong thematic base.

Rape – Problems and Solutions

Rape is a social evil that has reached explosive proportions. It has ruined many lives and continues to do so at a frenetic pace. No one is immune, and age is no bar. From infants to senior citizens to corpses, rape has become a diabolic symbol of power in an iniquitous world. In USA, a rape occurs every two minutes; In India, every 54 minutes, and in Pakistan, every three hours. The tragedy is that 80% are perpetrated by fathers, brothers, relatives or friends. Six out of ten occur in the home or in the home of a relative or friend. The story of an Austrian father, who raped his daughter for 24 years, and sired seven children through her, is still fresh in our minds.

Though rape occurs in all social groups, it is more frequent among minority groups with low social status. A molester need not necessarily be a sleazy character. He may be well educated, well groomed and have a high standing in society such as a judge, government official, policeman or priest. Even doctors have been known to rape patients in their clinics. The rapist may be of any age from an old man to a young teenager. The increasing trend of raping minors by force or through allurements is frightening. Children of 14 years or lower, have been known to rape their classmates, and kill them out of fear of being caught.

Reasons for under reporting:

A habitual rapist may molest about 8-10 women before being caught. As conviction rates are only about 2%, many cases go unreported.

o Most women fear the stigma attached to rape, especially when the Law does not convict the rapist. They become secretive and even believe that they are in some way guilty.

o Lack of faith in the judicial system: Many times the court puts the victim on trial, questioning her about her morality, and probing into her sexual history. When a constable in Mumbai raped a 15 year old rag picker the judge proclaimed, “She is a rag picker and of no consequence.”

Because of such perverse reasoning and warped sense of justice, many judges pass it off as an ‘act of passion’ and award minimum sentence.

Also, legal battles are long and tiresome. The onus of proving rape falls on the victim.

o Fear of retaliation by the rapist or his goons.

o Fear of adverse reaction from society, parents, husbands, employers or peers.

o Fear of tarnishing the family image, especially when there are unwed female siblings.

One study showed that 43% of women are ignorant of the law; 23% are too shy to come forward; 12% are afraid of the police; 12% think complaining will not make a difference.

One young girl said, “I blame society for giving men the right to rape and regarding women’s suffering as unimportant. A rapist may get off with a light sentence, but the victim’s sentence is for life.”

What is rape?

It is a form of sexual sadism involving unlawful sexual penetration either by coercion, force, blackmail or under false promises. “I believe that whatever violates the integrity of a woman’s body should be considered rape,” says Brinda Karat, a women’s activist. “Sexual violence apart from being dehumanizing, is an unlawful intrusion of the right to privacy and sanctity of the female,” says Justice A. S. Anand.

Situations under which rape occurs:

– Custodial rape when a woman is in custody for some small offence.

– Child rape is the pastime of paedophiles. 1 in 5 children raped are below 15 years of age. Some don’t even spare infants in cradles.

– Casting couches are routine in the film or modeling industry. When a person is desperate for a job she becomes vulnerable.

– Date rape has been escalating. The assailant is usually known to the victim, and drugs the victim with GHB, Rophynol, Ketamine or some such drug. These drugs are in powder form or liquid and dissolve in any drink. These drugs make the victim physically helpless and incapable of resisting sex, also incapable of recalling the incident. Alcohol enhances the action of the drugs. No trace is found in the blood stream after 72 hours

– Aggravated rape is when a rapist introduces an instrument or foreign body into the victim, to build up his own orgasm.

– Marital rape which may not be recognized by the law.

“In marriage, the weakest, stupidest, insignificant men of the world receive licence to rape or beat their wives,” says Virginia Woolfe

– Necrophilia: The raping of corpses is common in certain tribes. Sometimes sexual perverts can also indulge in such activity.

Reasons why men rape?

– It gives men a sense of power, and is linked to their identity. Forcing a woman into sexual subjugation validates their manhood. They enjoy it.

– Lust in men who have not disciplined their impulses. Testosterone makes male libido flare out of control.

– Economic causes: In some communities the bride price may be too high. Poverty, low socioeconomic status, unemployment, lack of skills, make men vent their frustration through rape. The victim and rapist may live in the same area. Girls in inner cities have 1 in 70 chances of being raped, whereas in rich areas it may be 1 in 2000.

– In communities with strict codes of behaviour, where no mingling of sexes is allowed, repressed males give expression to their masculinity through rape.

– Antisocial and borderline personalities behave irresponsibly. This is enhanced by drugs and alcohol.

– Misogyny: Men who hate women commit violent crimes against them. Many have aggressive mothers and timid fathers. A mother’s verbal abuse may have given the man a poor self image. As an expression of anger against mother or sisters, he finds a victim who cannot defend herself or is mentally retarded, and rapes her.

– Men with poor self worth are convinced that no woman would voluntarily sleep with them. They are aroused by sexual fantasies and express themselves through rape.

– Revenge: When men are rejected or ignored, they feel insulted enough to use rape as a form of revenge.

– Growing Feminism: Women are breaking down every male bastion. They are becoming economically independent and upwardly mobile. Male bashing is occurring like never before. Assisted reproductive technology and genetic engineering make some men feel purposeless and disempowered. As a result they resort to rape.

– Sex Industry and Pornography incites men to treat women as commodities and humiliate them for their pleasure.

“Rape is nothing more or less than a conscious process of intimidation by which all men keep all women in a state of fear,” says Susan Brown Miller.

– Men have blamed women for flaunting their female attributes through indecent exposure, skimpy costumes and suggestive behaviour. This they say precipitates lust in men. Women refute this because rape occurs in small towns or villages where women dress modestly.

– Rape in war is sanctioned by the highest authorities as a means of demoralizing the social fabric of a nation, by impregnating their women. It is also supposed to relieve aggression and promote bonding among soldiers.

Effects of rape on the victim:

The Rape-Trauma syndrome is akin to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It has two stages. The first is Disorganization due to the shock of rape. Fright, anger, guilt, and shame may follow. Reorganization is the second stage which gradually takes place over a period of 3-4 months. Sometimes it may take much longer. The victim feels vulnerable, timid, and not fully in control of her life. Residual Damage is what rape leaves in its wake. Depression, sexual dysfunction, vaginismus, fear of sexual interaction and inability to adjust socially are common. The person may take to alcohol or drugs to fight off fear and depression. A survivor of rape is nine times more likely to commit suicide. But if the victim gets immediate support and is able to ventilate her grief, fear or rage, the chances of recovery are greater.

Solutions to minimize rape in society:

o Education of the public by raising rape consciousness in society through education and awareness programmes. Men, politicians, police, judiciary and the general public should be sensitized about violence against women. New insights into sex roles are needed. Stereotype gender roles only make men more aggressive and women more vulnerable.

o Education of girls: Strong parental support will give girls a sense of security and belonging. They will have confidence to express their fears and anxieties. Parents should encourage their children to report to them incidents like physical proximity, inappropriate touching even if it is father, brother or relatives. Girls should be made aware of dangers lurking in society. 60% of teenagers have a tendency to act boldly and impulsively.

Women should also be made aware of the laws against rape and molestation. Male judges are too easy on rapists and too hard on victims. Because of such injustice, the law has been brought into disrepute. Trials must be time bound and punishment swift. Rape Crisis Centres should provide counseling and support to rape victims.

o Education of girl children should include specific “do’s” and “don’ts.” They should be told never to let a stranger within arm’s length, and never to accept sweets or toys from strangers; never to lead a stranger to some isolated place he wants to visit; to beware of over-friendliness. Children from unhappy homes are easy targets as they are starved for affection. Even van drivers who ferry children between school and home may take advantage of a friendly child. Teenagers may be lured by people who promise roles in films or in modeling. If attacked, the child should be told to drop on the ground and scream for help.

o Education of parents: The lines of communication between them and their children should always be tension-free. Many parents think that children are too young to be told about rape as it will frighten them unduly. Children must be made aware that there is a small number of wicked people in society.

Parents should also be alerted by sudden withdrawal, loss of appetite, nightmares or refusal to go to school, and investigate into the matter.

Parents should check the sites children visit on the Net and the type of books they read.

A child who is aware of dangers will be more likely to ward off a rapist. Vigilance is the solution.

Five Teen Drug Trends You Shouldn’t Ignore

Experienced parents know that fads come and go. Something that ignites teen fever one day may fizzle into nothing a few weeks later.

But when it comes to teen drug use, trendy designer drugs can be just as dangerous as the substances we’ve been warned about for decades. Even those that quickly lose their appeal among teens do their share of damage along the way.

Here are five of the most dangerous teen drug trends you shouldn’t ignore:

Teen Drug Trend #1: Bath Salts

Bath salts hit the teen drug scene in 2010 and have since become a serious concern among law enforcement, hospitals, drug rehabs and parents. According to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, calls about bath salts are up from 303 in all of 2010 to 3,470 between January and June of 2011.

Bath salts are stimulants similar to meth and cocaine, but they are being sold legally under the names Vanilla Sky, Aura, Hurricane Charlie, Ivory Wave and many others. To get around the laws that would make bath salts illegal, manufacturers label them “not for human consumption” and sometimes market them as plant food or other seemingly innocuous products.

The active chemicals in bath salts are mephedrone and MDPV, but there is currently no reliable way to test for these drugs. At least 35 states have banned ingredients found in bath salts and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is considering making these drugs controlled Schedule I drugs like heroin and ecstasy, yet teens are still easily accessing these drugs.

Bath salts can make a perfectly “normal” teen psychotic – literally. Physicians throughout the country have been shocked to see their emergency rooms inundated by delusional, violent teens who are high on bath salts. Teens present with dangerously high fevers, high blood pressure, racing heartbeat and muscle agitation so severe it can lead to kidney failure. In addition to being highly addictive, these drugs can cause heart attack, seizures, muscle damage, stroke and even death.

After being treated with heavy sedatives and antipsychotics in some cases, adolescents sometimes end up in the psychiatric hospital because the bath salts made them so violent, paranoid and out of touch with reality. Even after days of being sedated, the psychosis can come back, causing some to fear that the effects of these drugs may be permanent.

Teen Drug Trend #2: Kratom

Kratom is the newest drug gaining popularity among teens in the U.S. Derived from a plant found in southeast Asia, kratom has been used for a variety of medicinal purposes in other countries. Kratom is sold in the form of leaves, powder, extract or capsules, and can be swallowed, drank as a tea or snorted as a powder.

Kratom is not controlled by the DEA and is known by the names Thom, Kakuam, Biak, Thang or Ketum. The effects of kratom vary from alertness, increased energy and weight loss (in small doses) to relaxation, dry mouth, sweating and reduced sensitivity to pain (in large doses). The drug takes effect within minutes of use, producing a mild high that typically lasts two to five hours.

Even though it is legal and readily accessible, kratom is addictive. Once addicted, teens who stop using kratom may experience withdrawal symptoms such as cold-like symptoms, depression, diarrhea and insomnia. In an effort to cope with these withdrawal symptoms or to amplify the high, teens may begin using harder drugs or mixing kratom with alcohol or other drugs.

Teen Drug Trend #3: Spice / K2

Another drug that has likely made its way into your community is Spice, also known as K2, skunk or J-dub. Spice is a blend of herbs sprayed with a potent psychotropic drug that contains synthetic cannabinoids. The drug impacts the same receptors in the brain as marijuana (hence the name “legal marijuana”), but Spice can be up to 10 times stronger than marijuana, producing a high that typically lasts one to two hours after smoking.

Spice has landed many adolescents in the emergency room. It can cause vomiting, agitation, panic attacks, hallucinations, seizures, high blood pressure, paranoia and elevated heart rate.

Despite these dangers, Spice is legally sold as “incense” or “potpourri” in head shops and on the Internet. A few states have banned Spice but teens continue to find ways to skirt the laws by purchasing the drug online. Because Spice does not show up on drug tests, many parents falsely believe that their teens are drug-free.

Teen Drug Trend #4: Salvia

Salvia is a powerful hallucinogenic herb that is being used as often as Ecstasy and even more often than LSD, according to The New York Times. The drug comes in a variety of forms, including seeds, leaves or liquid extract, and takes effect within seconds if smoked.

Salvia affects a different area of the brain than other drugs such as opiates or other hallucinogens. The experience is not a “high” but a sometimes disturbing altered sense of reality. Teens abuse salvia for its intense but short-lived hallucinogenic properties. Other effects include disconnectedness from reality, dizziness, a sense of being in many places at one time, and bizarre sensations of “hearing” colors and “seeing” sounds.

Salvia is not currently regulated by the DEA, though it is considered a drug of concern. A number of states have regulated Salvia, but the process is slow to catch up to the severity of the problem.

Teen Drug Trend #5: Prescription Drugs

Teen prescription drug abuse is not “new,” but is so pervasive, and so dangerous, that it merits a place in the top five teen drug trends. There are as many new abusers of painkillers as there are of marijuana, according to SAMHSA’s 2007 National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH). This means that when your teen is deciding which drug to try, they’re as likely to try prescription drugs as they are marijuana.

The most popular prescription drugs abused by teens are painkillers such as OxyContin and Vicodin, but a significant number of teens abuse stimulants and depressants as well. In the majority of cases, teens get prescription drugs for free from a friend or relative. Because they are legal when prescribed by a physician, teens believe prescription drugs are less dangerous and less likely to get them in trouble with parents or the law.

The consequences of teen prescription drug abuse can be as severe and life-threatening as illicit drugs like heroin and cocaine. Painkiller abuse can cause teens to stop breathing. Abuse of depressants can result in decreased heart rate, depressed breathing and seizures. Stimulant abuse has caused heart failure, high body temperature, irregular heart rate and seizures. These effects are worsened when teens take prescription drugs with alcohol or other drugs.

Every day, 2,500 youth ages 12 to 17 abuse a prescription painkiller for the first time (NSDUH, 2007). Drug use starts young – 13 is the mean age for abuse of stimulants and sedatives, and more than half of teens who have abused prescription pain relievers first tried them before age 15. Studies show that the earlier drug use begins, the more likely teens are to struggle with drug addiction in adulthood.

You Are Not Powerless

What all of these drugs have in common is that they are easy to obtain, difficult to detect and are legal in certain forms. Because there is a strong demand for these drugs, experts believe we will continue to see new variations on designer drugs in the years to come.

Talk with your teen early and often about the dangers of drugs, whether legal or illegal, and be vigilant about safeguarding your medications and setting clear expectations for your child’s behavior and attitudes around drugs. Drug trends come and go, but the one that sweeps up your teen could impact their life forever.

Drug Abuse Solutions

Drug abuse today is a major cause for concern and has a negative effect on society at large. Though students constitute a large segment of drug abusers, adults also succumb to drug abuse. There is a tendency amongst middle-aged people to abuse prescription drugs.

The first step towards combating drug addiction is to make the abuser aware of the damage it causes the body. Most addicts lack confidence and must be taught to become a master of the situation and not a slave to addiction.

There are many institutions and organizations that help drug abusers kick the habit. The support of friends and family is of prime importance. First and foremost, an abuser must be committed to giving up drugs. Doctors and counselors are a drug abusers greatest ally in the battle against addiction.

People who realize they have to quit this dangerous habit may be too embarrassed or afraid to confide in anyone. They might even be worried that they will land into trouble if they admit to having this problem. Abusers must talk to anyone they trust.

Drug abuse solutions can be viewed from many perspectives. On a national level, solutions are based and discussed in terms of the reduction in supply of drugs. From a social perspective, solutions are usually discussed in terms of prevention, early intervention and treatment.

Prevention is better than cure. This adage holds good in fighting drug abuse too. Public education campaigns and stricter laws regarding purchase and use of legal substances are measures that have been adopted by states in the USA.

Many States have created coalitions of community and business leaders to address the problem of substance abuse. These groups run community-based programs that provide mentoring, tutoring, alternative activities, and life skills development for youth in drug-impacted neighborhoods.